java – Problems with RowFilter result


I'm working with DocumentListener and RowFilter , and I've noticed that my filter is taking the data I type, and looking for matches in all columns in my table. I would like to know, how could I choose the column that it should compare, and also, how should I make it get only the words that the beginning is the same as what was typed.

Example query:

Ukraine → starts with U


Portugal → It has the letter U, however, it does not start with the letter U, you must ignore it

USA → starts with U

I type U, it would only show me USA and Ukraine.

Code example:

package teste;

import javax.swing.JButton;
import javax.swing.JComponent;
import javax.swing.JFrame;
import javax.swing.JLabel;
import javax.swing.JPanel;
import javax.swing.JTable;
import javax.swing.JTextField;
import javax.swing.RowFilter;
import javax.swing.event.DocumentEvent;
import javax.swing.event.DocumentListener;
import javax.swing.table.DefaultTableModel;
import javax.swing.table.TableModel;
import javax.swing.table.TableRowSorter;

public class TestX extends JFrame {

    private String[] colunas
            = {"Country", "Capital", "Population in Millions", "Democracy"};

    private Object[][] dados = {
        {"USA", "Washington DC", 280, true},
        {"Canada", "Ottawa", 32, true},
        {"United Kingdom", "London", 60, true},
        {"Germany", "Berlin", 83, true},
        {"France", "Paris", 60, true},
        {"Norway", "Oslo", 4.5, true},
        {"India", "New Delhi", 1046, true}

    private DefaultTableModel model = new DefaultTableModel(dados, colunas);
    private JTable tabela = new JTable(model);

    private TableRowSorter<TableModel> rowSorter = new TableRowSorter<>(tabela.getModel());

    private JTextField barraPesquisa = new JTextField();
    private JButton botao = new JButton("OK");

    private JPanel painel = new JPanel();
    private JLabel label = new JLabel();

    public TestX() {
        setSize(600, 400);

    public JComponent x() {
        JPanel painelX = new JPanel();

        barraPesquisa.setBounds(20, 10, 270, 27);
        botao.setBounds(300, 10, 65, 27);

        barraPesquisa.getDocument().addDocumentListener(new DocumentListener() {
            public void insertUpdate(DocumentEvent e) {
                String text = barraPesquisa.getText();

                //model.setRowCount(0); // limpar as linhas
                if (text.trim().length() == 0) {
                    barraPesquisa.setText("Digite aqui..");
                } else {
                    rowSorter.setRowFilter(RowFilter.regexFilter("(?i)" + text));
                label.setText(rowSorter.getViewRowCount() + " resultados encontrados");

            public void removeUpdate(DocumentEvent e) {
                String text = barraPesquisa.getText();
                if (text.trim().length() == 0) {
                } else {
                    rowSorter.setRowFilter(RowFilter.regexFilter("(?i)" + text));
                label.setText(rowSorter.getViewRowCount() + " resultados encontrados");

            public void changedUpdate(DocumentEvent e) {



        tabela.setBounds(5, 100, 500, 150);

        label.setBounds(10, 250, 150, 30);
        label.setText(model.getRowCount() + " resultados encontrados!");

        painelX.setBounds(1, 1, 600, 400);
        return painelX;

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        TestX t = new TestX();


If it's just to limit the filter to search from the initial of the words in the table, just change your filter to:

rowSorter.setRowFilter(RowFilter.regexFilter("^(?i)" + text));

The ^ will cause the filter to be applied from the beginning of the line, not wherever the search term is found.

Other Patterns can be found on this page

You can also create different filters for each column or limit it to just a few, using some methods of the RowFilter class RowFilter Starting from the code presented in the question, to restrict the search to only the first column, just inform the column index in the RowFilter.regexFilter() :

// o indice 0 filtrará apenas a primeira coluna
rowSorter.setRowFilter(RowFilter.regexFilter("^(?i)" + text, 0));
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