How to delete files in Linux with the ability to recover?


How can I make the rm command delete files to the trash by default?


If you use the desktop trash, you can delete a file in it with the gvfs-trash command. Present in almost all desktops.


apt install gvfs-bin


gvfs-trash ./имяфайла

When deleted, a .Trash folder is created on the current partition according to the specification .

The trash command is more powerful than gvfs-trash .


apt install trash-cli

Delete a file with a simple trash command. Other commands trash-empty , trash-list , trash-put , trash-rm (remove file from trash).

trash --help
Usage: trash [OPTION]... FILE...

Put files in trash

  --version            show program's version number and exit
  -h, --help           show this help message and exit
  -d, --directory      ignored (for GNU rm compatibility)
  -f, --force          ignored (for GNU rm compatibility)
  -i, --interactive    ignored (for GNU rm compatibility)
  -r, -R, --recursive  ignored (for GNU rm compatibility)
  -v, --verbose        explain what is being done

To remove a file whose name starts with a '-', for example '-foo',
use one of these commands:

    trash -- -foo

    trash ./-foo

The trash utility can be added as an alias to rm .

alias rm=trash
rm -v Загрузки/Calendar\ \(1\).ics                                                               
  trash: Volume of file: /
  trash: Trash-dir: /home/eri/.local/share/Trash from volume: /
  trash: 'Загрузки/Calendar (1).ics' trashed in ~/.local/share/Trash

Usage example (delete, view list, restore):

$ trash Загрузки/Calendar.ics 
$ trash-list 
2017-10-24 14:44:49 /home/eri/Загрузки/Calendar.ics

$ trash-restore                                                                                   
   0 2017-10-24 14:44:49 /home/eri/Загрузки/Calendar.ics
What file to restore [0..0]: 0

Both utilities are desktop compatible and deleted files will be displayed in the Recycle Bin.

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