How to choose a LInux distribution for a computer with an unstable power supply?

Question:

There is a computer (1 core, 2GB of RAM) that lives in the private sector with rather unstable electricity. It is currently running WinXP. But due to frequent voltage fluctuations, the OS bootloader crashes. It looks like a constant reboot. After manual recovery (copying OS files from the distribution kit to a USB flash drive), performance is restored for a while. There was an idea to put another AXIS, so that everything would not fly off so quickly. Win7 should seem to be more stable, but the lack of resources for OS maintenance scares me. The thought of Linux came up. Please advise a distribution kit that will be more or less stable in such operating conditions and will be quite user-friendly. users of this unit are elderly people.

ZY Anticipating possible questions, there is an uninterruptible power supply, but it is a trigger one and, according to observations, does not have time to be triggered before the jump, i.e. skips voltage surges, and then switches. This is already enough for the computer to go out.

З.З.Ы. the machine is supposed to be used in a weak user mode. The main task is skype several times a week, surfing news sites, games like "Spider", "Klondike", etc.

Answer:

I would recommend when installing Linux (no matter what distribution, the thing, as already said in the comments, in the file systems), do the following:

  1. Make / as small as possible (600 megabytes should be enough if done correctly) by splitting / usr, / usr / local, / var, / home, / tmp, / opt, and / boot into separate partitions.
  2. After the installation is complete remount / boot in R / O (this will require remounting in R / W before system updates) or at least in sync.
  3. Remount / in sync mode (this WILL slow down write operations to the root file system, from here step 1)
  4. Use XFS everywhere except / tmp (ext2 can be used there).
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