How can I undo the last commit in Git?


I did a commit and immediately after I noticed that I commit changes that I don't want to push to the remote .

Is there a way to undo the same by keeping those changes in my local copy to commit them properly again?


If you want to keep the changes:

git reset [--mixed] HEAD~1

If you also don't want to load the commit (just move the head to the previous one):

git reset --soft HEAD~1

And if you don't want to keep them (and go back to the state of the previous commit, in practice destroy the last commit completely as if it never existed):

git reset --hard HEAD~1
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